Paramedics taking a patient to an ambulance

Emergency Medical Technician Certificate Overview

Emergency Medical Technicians provide out of hospital emergency medical care and transportation for critical and emergent patients who access the emergency medical services (EMS) system. EMTs have the basic knowledge and skills necessary to stabilize and safely transport patients ranging from non-emergency and routine medical transports to life threatening emergencies. Emergency Medical Technicians function as part of a comprehensive EMS response system, under medical oversight. Emergency Medical Technicians perform interventions with the basic equipment typically found on an ambulance. Emergency Medical Technicians are a critical link between the scene of an emergency and the healthcare system.


Minimum requirements for entry into the EMT program include:

  • Must be 18 years of age or older
  • Provide documentation of a high school diploma or GED
  • Complete a background check and drug screening

Indiana EMT Basic Course

The Emergency Medical Technician Course must have a minimum course time of 159 hours. 138 hours are core National Education Standards (NES) curricula, 16 hours are Indiana mandated field hours (hospital and ambulance), and the remaining 5 hours are Indiana required additional curriculum. 8 of the 165 hours can be substituted for NIMS IS 100, 200, 700, and 800 (see EMT Hours PDF). If you have students who are current EMRs, they are not required to repeat the additional Indiana added curriculum unless mandated by your training institution.

  • Students should observe emergency department operations for a period of time sufficient to gain an appreciation for the continuum of care. Students must perform 10 patient assessments. These can be performed in an ED, ambulance, clinic, nursing home, doctor’s office, or on standardized patients if clinical settings are not available.
  • 8 hours ambulance ride time
  • 8 hours hospital time

The following skills must be taught and verified in the EMT course:

All skills of EMR (above) plus:

  • Humidifiers
  • Partial rebreathers
  • Venturi mask
  • Manually Triggered Ventilator (MTV)
  • Automatic Transport Ventilator (ATV)
  • Oral and Nasal airways
  • Manual and auto BP Assisted Medications
  • Assisting a patient in administering his/her own prescribed medications, including auto-injection Technician Medicine Administration
  • Buccal
  • Oral
  • IM Epinephrine
  • Physician-approved over-the-counter medications (oral glucose, ASA for chest pain of suspected ischemic origin)
  • Trauma Care
  • Seated spinal immobilization
  • Traction splinting
  • Mechanical pt restraint
  • Rapid extrication
  • Wound packing and hemostatic bandaging
  • Cardiac Care
  • Mechanical CPR
  • Assisted complicated delivery
  • Additional module on Esophageal, Tracheal, Multi-Lumen, and Supraglottic Airway
  • Additional Module on Suicide Prevention
  • Additional modules assigned by the Indiana EMS Commission if required beyond the standard curriculum